Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation, redness, itching, and dryness of the skin. It often appears as patches of irritated skin that may be rough, scaly, or oozing. Eczema is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors.
The exact cause of eczema is not fully understood, but it is thought to involve a dysfunctional skin barrier, which allows moisture to escape and irritants to enter, leading to inflammation and itching. Triggers for eczema can include allergens, certain foods, irritants, changes in temperature or humidity, stress, and hormonal fluctuations.
Treatment for eczema aims to alleviate symptoms, reduce inflammation, and prevent flare-ups. Here are some common approaches to treating eczema:
- Moisturizing: Regular and proper moisturizing of the skin is crucial to maintaining its hydration and reducing itchiness. Use fragrance-free and hypoallergenic moisturizers or emollients to prevent dryness. To know more visit a Skin Specialist in Lahore.
- Topical Steroids: These anti-inflammatory creams or ointments are applied to the affected areas and can help reduce itching, redness, and inflammation. They come in various strengths and should be used under a doctor’s guidance.
- Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors: These are non-steroidal creams or ointments that suppress the immune response and can be effective for controlling inflammation and itching.
- Antihistamines: Oral antihistamines can help relieve itching and may aid in getting a good night’s sleep by reducing discomfort.
- Wet Wrap Therapy: This involves applying moisturizer and medication to the affected area, followed by wrapping it in wet bandages. It helps with better absorption of treatments and provides relief from severe itching.
- Avoiding Triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers that worsen eczema symptoms, such as certain fabrics, harsh soaps, allergens, and stress, can help prevent flare-ups.
- Phototherapy (Light Therapy): Controlled exposure to ultraviolet light under medical supervision can help reduce inflammation and improve symptoms.
- Systemic Medications: In severe cases, oral or injectable medications, such as corticosteroids or immunosuppressants, may be prescribed to control inflammation and manage symptoms.
- Biologic Therapies: These newer treatments target specific immune system components and are usually reserved for severe cases that do not respond well to other treatments.
It’s important to note that eczema varies from person to person, and what works for one individual might not work for another. A dermatologist or healthcare provider at Doctors Hospital should be consulted for proper diagnosis and personalized treatment recommendations based on the severity and type of eczema. Additionally, maintaining a good skincare routine, avoiding harsh irritants, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can contribute to managing eczema symptoms effectively.